What does the world think of the COP26 deal? Sky News specialists take a look at reactions from across the globe
World leaders have managed to reach the most significant climate change deal since the Paris Agreement was signed in 2016.
However, while the landmark pact has been celebrated by some, it has left others feeling disappointed after a last-minute concession was made on cutting global reliance on coal.
Sky News specialists analyse reactions to the new climate agreement from across the world.
World leaders agree climate change deal but 'deep disappointment' over fossil fuel compromise
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Katerina Vittozzi, news correspondent – currently based in India
India has fought hard, and successfully, for a change on the fossils fuel text.
Should we be surprised? No.
Look beyond the COP conference back-slapping, after India made its first net-zero pledge, and this really has always been India’s stance.
At COP, at the preceding G20 summit in Rome, and beyond: India’s been consistent that a change in coal use would come on its own terms and on its own timetable.
India is the world’s third-largest polluter but its per capita emissions are low and historical emissions small, compared to developed nations who have seen their economies transformed by the use of fossil fuels.
India wants, to put it simply, a fair slice of the carbon pie. It argues that all developing nations should be given the same.
On the global stage, that means calls for climate equity and climate finance.
At home, that means India will keep burning things.
Mark Stone, US correspondent – currently based in the Bahamas
There was already “disappointment” from the group of nations who are already experiencing the effects of our climate crisis.
There was frustration among them that Glasgow’s commitments on so-called “loss and damage” and “adaptation finance” were not as robust as they’d hoped.
Now, the watering down of the language on phasing out coal is a further blow to the SIDS – Small Island Developing States.
Since 1991 these vulnerable nations have been calling for a form of climate justice, demanding that the big polluting countries pay for the climate consequences reaped on them.
And the text agreed on is according to the SIDS, disappointing. It contains mechanisms, even the formation of a body to look at adaptation finance. But it’s short on commitments.
And from where I write this – Great Abaco in the Bahamas – it is clear that they need help now: commitments to build back their communities in a way that they are better protected – to mitigate against the next storm which will come and the oceans which are rising.
Siobhan Robbins, South East Asia correspondent – currently based in Australia
In many ways, the diluted promise to “phase down” unabated coal power will be welcomed by Australia’s coal communities.
There is no date in which action is required, no pressure to immediately shut mines.
Reacting to the final agreement, miner Stuart Bonds told me he didn’t think it would mean any real changes to the industry.
COP26: The key agreements from Glasgow's climate summit
“It’s good. It’s a bit softer language so that it’s not forcing them to commit to it if they cannot possibly do it,” he said.
“You know, it’s a fine line between balancing your economy and it’s better than walking away and having no agreement… but it will be business as usual and we’ll still be taking coal out of the ground in 30 years, I can guarantee you.”
There’s now enormous pressure on Australia to step up its 2030 emissions target.
“The Glasgow Climate Pact has made it very clear that our government must come back to the table next year with a stronger 2030 target. It’s time to slash carbon pollution this decade, as if our futures depended on it – because they do,” said Dr Simon Bradshaw, head of research at the Climate Council.
Australia hasn’t come away from the conference with glowing climate credentials but it’s avoid being labelled the villain. India has taken that crown.
Tom Cheshire, Asia correspondent – currently based in China
The world was hoping for a lot from China at COP26. Or, at least, something.
But there were no major new pledges from the world’s biggest polluter. That shouldn’t be a surprise: you only have to listen to the man who wasn’t there – President Xi Jinping. Earlier this week he told a meeting of regional leaders:
“Since I announced the goals of carbon peak and carbon neutrality last year China has formulated an action plan for carbon dioxide peaking before 2030.”
The meaning was clear. He is the one who sets the targets and he will not move those targets, whatever the international pressure.
That’s disappointing, especially on coal, the most polluting fossil fuel.
But we are where we are. And if China won’t shift its targets, the question becomes how do we make sure it’s sticking to them. Especially because Xi Jinping has made a point of drawing a contrast between the lofty words at COP and concrete actions.
Carbon Monitor aims to create a near real-time dashboard of global emissions.
With countries now required to return in 2022 to give updates on their progress, up to date emissions figures will be very important.
If COP 26 was about words, now it’s about the numbers.
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